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Public Speaking Tips: How to Improve Your Communication Skills

published March 19, 2023

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Public speaking is a vital skill that can help individuals and organizations achieve success. Many of the most successful people have developed strong public speaking abilities to effectively communicate their ideas and opinions. Good public speaking requires an understanding of the audience, preparation, confidence and practice.

Learning how to improve public speaking is a valuable skill. It will help individuals build self-confidence, as well as enhance their appeal to employers, colleagues and others. Public speaking is a key tool to effectively express one's ideas, which is necessary for success in many areas.

One of the best ways to improve public speaking skills is to identify the needs of the audience and create a speech that will engage them. Knowing the audience's interests, learning level and expectations can help tailor the content to effectively reach their needs. It is also important to be well-prepared before delivering a speech, as this will help ensure that topics are effectively covered and delivered in an organized fashion.

Public speakers should also practice their words to gain confidence in their delivery. Practicing a speech in front of a mirror or recording it can help identify weak spots and improve the flow of the presentation. Additionally, relaxed body language and a strong presence will help captivate a crowd. Being passionate about the topic is also essential, as this will help to capture the attention of the audience.

Finally, public speakers should be sure to practice their timing. Knowing when to pause, speed up or slow down parts of the speech are all important for maintaining the crowd's attention. Practice will help to ensure that a speech is delivered in an effective timeframe.

Improving public speaking is key to effectively communicating ideas. To do this well, speakers need to identify their audience, be well-prepared and practice their words in advance. They also need to be passionate about the topic, maintain relaxed body language and pay attention to timing. With these steps in mind, anyone can improve their public speaking skills and become a successful communicator.

The Benefits of Public Speaking

Public speaking is a powerful tool for communication. It allows people to share their ideas and engage in meaningful dialogue with those around them. It is also an essential skill for leaders, professionals, and anyone seeking success in their career. With the ability to present one's ideas in a clear and articulate manner, public speaking can have a profound impact on one's image and success.

Tips for Improving Public Speaking

Whether you are a beginner or an experienced public speaker, there are several simple ways to become more effective at your craft. Here are a few tips to help you improve your public speaking skills:

  • Practice. Practice makes perfect. Before presenting at an event or meeting, it is important to practice your speech in front of a mirror or with a friend.
  • Be Prepared. Know your topic inside and out. Research the material thoroughly and be prepared to answer questions.
  • Confidence. Believe in yourself and your message. When you are confident in your message and delivery, people will be more likely to listen.
  • Eye Contact. Make eye contact with your audience and be aware of their reactions. This will help you adjust your message as needed.
  • Use Visuals. Consider using visuals to help illustrate your points or to break up long sections of text.

Practice Makes Perfect

The key to becoming an effective public speaker is to practice. Whether you are new to public speaking or an experienced pro, practicing your speech is essential. Prepare your speech ahead of time, practice in front of a mirror or with a friend, and be ready to answer questions about your material.

Be Prepared

Public speaking is more than just delivering a speech. It is also about being prepared. Research and learn as much as possible about the topic at hand. By being knowledgeable about your subject, you can better engage with your audience and answer any questions that might arise. Additionally, having a thorough understanding of the material will increase your confidence and help you deliver your message more effectively.

Yale Law Professor John Pottenger, who runs a variety of different clinics for his school and has taught trial practice and many other legal courses, offered several suggestions for law students seeking to improve their public speaking skills. He said, "The most important thing they can do is take part in a law school clinical program. Students should also take at least one trial practice course and take part in a moot court or similar program offered by their law school. Finally, students should consider taking a drama class on their main university's campus or accepting a part in a play. All of these activities can help them improve their skills."
How To Improve Public Speaking

Dr. Kathy Kellerman, who holds a Ph.D. in Communication from Northwestern and works for Trial Behavior Consulting in the firm's Los Angeles office, said that her group focuses on helping lawyers express themselves as effectively as possible when speaking with clients or in front of judges, jurors, and arbitrators. She said law students and practicing attorneys can improve their public speaking skills by "taking advantage of every opportunity they have to speak in front of clubs, churches, or other groups in their communities." She added that "they can even work on enunciating words more clearly by reading the newspaper aloud each day and concentrating on matching your voice's emotional tone with the content of the material."

Dr. Kellerman also stressed how lawyers should daily practice using "vocal variation, analogies, and concrete and visual language when speaking with others." She went on to say it's extremely important for all legal professionals to learn how to "gain their audience's attention, hold that attention, and then clearly relay their information."

According to Dr. Kellerman, both law students and lawyers alike can benefit from joining a group such as Toastmasters International, which provides members with numerous opportunities in their communities to make speeches and otherwise sharpen their public speaking skills.

Kelly Murphy, who works at Toastmaster's headquarters in Santa Margarita, CA, said that she believes that many legal professionals benefit from joining Toastmasters. One lawyer told her that one of the group's sessions has really helped him "improve his impromptu speaking skills—which has directly helped him improve his cross-examination skills." Ms. Murphy said that she knows of at least one Louisiana judge who continues to be a member of Toastmasters and that a number of schools have Toastmaster clubs in their cities.

Barry E. Fields, who is a partner in Kirkland & Ellis' Chicago law office and serves as a Lecturer in Law at the University of Chicago Law School, offered additional ways law students and attorneys can improve their public speaking skills. Like the other professionals, he supports the idea of taking trial advocacy classes in law school and "becoming involved with moot court or mock trial programs." Mr. Fields also said that law students can benefit greatly by "participating frequently in law school class discussions so they can become comfortable speaking in large groups of their colleagues." Mr. Fields also advised lawyers to avail themselves of the many excellent programs offered by the National Institute for Trial Advocacy. Mr. Fields said that he believes he learned of a very helpful book written by David Ball from NITA entitled Theater Tips and Strategies for Jury Trials.

One other expert shared his advice for legal professionals seeking to improve their public speaking skills. Dr. Richard Waites runs an organization known as The Advocates, which helps attorneys improve their legal skills and trial techniques. Dr. Waites said, "It's very important for lawyers to improve their public speaking skills, since judges, jurors, and arbitrators make their decisions based on a complex set of factors." He said that attorneys contact his group to help them "minimize the weaknesses of their cases and maximize their strengths."

In his book entitled Courtroom Psychology and Trial Advocacy, Dr. Waites tells lawyers how they can interact more effectively and persuasively with others. He said that all attorneys need to enhance their communication skills, whether they most frequently appear in court or in private meetings with judges, clients, opposing counsel, or arbitrators. Dr. Waites specifically instructs his attorney clients to "first try and understand the playing field and the rules that govern how people think. Next, they must consider what they're trying to accomplish. What facts are they trying to persuade others to believe? The final step is to test out alternative arguments by getting together with others who will provide objective opinions."

When asked to address what steps law students can take to improve their public speaking skills, in addition to taking trial advocacy classes or becoming involved in clinical programs, Dr. Waites made the following recommendation. "They might try and sign up for a public speaking class on a neighboring undergraduate campus."

While no one approach will work for every legal professional, acting upon several of the tips provided above should help most law students and attorneys improve their public speaking skills so that others can more readily follow their arguments and be persuaded by them.