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What is the Bar Examination?

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Those aspiring to enter into the legal profession are required to pass the bar examination. This examination enables people to practice law in their choice of field. The students, if they feel like, may even go for general practice. Admissions to the bar examinations in the United States of America are generally granted by a specific court system to the lawyers who practice in that system. Each of the states and other territories in U.S has its own rules and regulations pertaining to the bar examination. Each of the states is sovereign, equipped with their own court systems. These are guaranteed by the 10th amendment to the constitution of US. As a result of which there are different standards of law operating in different states.

The lawyers are required to pass an examination that is sponsored by the state once they have earned their jurist doctoral degree. This degree must be obtained by a school that is accredited by the ABA schools. The students are also required to under go fitness and character evaluation tests, apart from the background checks.



Since each of the states have a bar examination of their own, an attorney who is practicing in one of the states can not practice in any other state. There are reciprocal agreements in some of the states where a lawyer can practice before sitting for a full bar examination. There are agreements that differ from state to state.

Requirements of Admission
 
  • It was in the year 1763 that Delaware gave birth to the first bar examination. Soon many other American colonies followed suit. Candidates who are pursuing to study Bar Examination are required to follow the steps mentioned below:
  • The students are required to earn a jurist doctoral degree from law schools that are certified by the state, most of the times law firms, prefer candidates who earn their degrees from the law schools accredited by an ABA school. They can also be approved by the Law Clerk program.
  • Except in Washington, Maryland, Wisconsin, and Puerto Rico, it is mandatory that the candidate passes MRPE or Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination. It is a kind of examination that covers qualified responsibility policy administering lawyers. This examination is not administered during the bar examination of United States.
  • A huge number of students obtain a MPRE degree while they are still in law school. There are many states that require the candidates to clear an MPRE degree before they sit for the bar examination.
  • Passing of a bar examination sponsored by the state consists of the several phases. The MBE or Multistate Bar Examination in different territories and states except for Puerto Rico, Louisiana and Washington. An ''ethics'' examination is conducted in case there is jurisdiction that forbids the use of MPRE. States like New York and Florida incorporates both multiple choice questions and essays on the state specific sections. You are required to be certified by a bar association with good fitness and moral character for practicing law. The candidates need to apply to the authorities of the state, accountable for licensing lawyers and paying them the fees due to them. Once approved by the authorities, the candidate takes an oath to act in accordance with the rules and regulations governing the law of the state. There after the students get this certificate and this allows them to enter the organization.

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