Audrey Swank, Government Attorney

Working as a government attorney has both pros and cons, just like any other attorney. Some of the pros include more freedom over what cases they work on and often having a more stable job than some other types of attorneys. Some of the cons include a lower average salary compared to private practice attorneys and less support staff to help you than you would have in private practice.

Government attorneys enjoy various benefits that private practice attorneys don't have. That being said, there are some downsides to becoming a government attorney. While they often have additional freedom over the cases they take on, and more job security, they also usually have less support staff and a lower average salary as compared to private practice attorneys. All in all, you should definitely consider becoming a government attorney if it looks like the right fit for you.

1. Why did you decide to work as a government attorney?

I didn't actually decide to work as a government attorney. It just happened that the first job I applied for out of law school was an opening for a law clerk for the state circuit court in my hometown. I interviewed, was hired, and thus began my career as a law clerk. As I really liked being a law clerk, moving up the food chain to clerking in federal court was the next logical step.

2. What is the best part of working as a government attorney?

What I enjoyed most was the variety of subject matter. Even as a bankruptcy court law clerk, on any given day I might research issues of family law, CERCLA, corporate governance, or property law.

3. What is the worst part of working as a government attorney?

I suppose the toughest part of being a law clerk was dealing with the myriad demands of many different judges. As a pro se law clerk, at times I was drafting orders for over a dozen different judges; each one had a different style or set of preferences to adhere to in drafting the orders. I kept a file for each judge listing whether his/her order had to be in third or first person, whether the judge preferred active or passive voice, what format s/he preferred, etc. Because the orders I drafted would bear the signature of the judge, the order had to reflect that judge's style and preferences--and sometimes those styles and preferences changed from one assignment to the next.

4. What advice would you give to others looking to become a government attorney?

I am not sure I would encourage anyone to undertake a career as a law clerk unless the judge/clerk match were truly a healthy, collaborative relationship. I do believe a one- or two-year clerkship can provide invaluable experience and insight that can assist a new associate, but long-term clerking makes it difficult to join the private sector once the clerkship terminates. I have seen successful career clerkships but they appear to be fewer and fewer as many judges are hiring on a rotating term clerkship basis. The relatively new limit on term clerkships has also changed the landscape and made it impossible to serve as a term clerk beyond four years. As career clerkship openings are a rarity, federal clerkships are more often a stepping stone rather than a career option.

5. What is a typical day like for you as a government attorney?

Days can be extremely full and fast-paced if there are deadlines or trials scheduled or more steady if not. There is never a lull in workload, just some periods when there are only a few fires to put out rather than a dozen.

6. How does your experience as a government attorney compare with your peers who chose other sorts of jobs?

My peers in private practice tend to earn a great deal more than I do as a law clerk. However, the weekend hours and overtime they put in certainly exceed the hours required of law clerks. While there is often overtime required of law clerks, it does not rise to the level required of attorneys at your average firm. I suppose that is the trade-off: lower salary with more time to spend out of the office vs. high salary with less personal time and freedom.

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