Second, Justices serve for life. It's a heavy responsibility to be the court of last resort and final arbiter of the law in the United States. The Founders chose to make Justices serve for life rather than have them be tied to the political process. A Supreme Court Justice should focus on the interpretation of state and local laws, and laws from Congress, with how they interact with the United States Constitution, and being at risk of being unseated by Congress would have interfered with their judicial distancing. (In countries where the highest court serves by direct political appointment with renewal terms, it's a distinct possibility that a political campaign will alter the interpretation of the law as the judges attempt to preserve their own jobs in a changing political world.)
The typical work year (called a term) for a Supreme Court Justice starts in the first week of October and continues through July of the following year. Each term is broken down into two-week periods where the justices are alternately sitting (open to taking arguments and delivering opinions) and recessed (where the court members are considering petitions and the merits of the cases argued before them). It is when the courts are recessed that Supreme Court decisions are written. During each week, the Justices see petitions for upwards of 100 to 150 petitions for cases to be argued before their court. They may refuse an appeal.
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