In a Workplace Bullying Survey, as recent as of 2007 (when the recession had not yet hit the economy), by WBI-Zogby, and considered to be the largest scientific study of bullying in the United States, certain findings were made that emphasize the need of employer intervention to reduce this malady. Among many findings of the survey, the following are relevant to the present article:
- Most bullies are in positions of managerial of supervisory control – 72%
- Most bullies are men – 62%
- Bullying is four times more prevalent than illegal forms of harassment
- Most employers ignore or worsen the problem of bullying – 62%
- Most bullied employees never inform their employers of the bullying, or do not have a scope to inform – 40%
- Only very few bullied employees ever go to court – 3%
- A majority of bullied employees – 40% - quit the job to address a decline in health and sanity
Who are the frontline targets of workplace bullying?
According to the WBI, based on thousands of interviews, it was confirmed that frontline targets for bullying are typically independent employees with high ethics, who refuse to be subservient. Exactly the kind of employees who are prized by businesses as self-starters, and as people with high commitment to excellence. These are the people targeted first by workplace bullies who are either in control of their livelihoods, or position themselves into coming to control their livelihoods.
In essence, the best kind of employees in today’s high competitive arena are the first targets of workplace bullying. And 40% of them just quit the job, when confronted with bullying, rather than report it to the HR or the employer.
The WBI also confirmed that typical targets of workplace bullying are veteran employees from whom new workers sought guidance. Usually, bullying targets were better liked by their peers, had more social skills, possessed higher emotional intelligence, were appreciated by customers and management (excluding the bullies) for the level of personal attention and care they added to the workplace.
The principal weapons used by bullying bosses include alienating the targets from social interaction and withholding validation of their contribution. Coworkers often separate themselves from targets for fear of becoming the next victims.
What employers can do to ensure their businesses do not lose their most valued employees due to workplace bullying
Employers need to protect employees from bullying and safeguard those who comprise the best of their workforce. Ultimately, managers and supervisors are the key players to combat workplace bullying. Managers, supervisors and employee leaders need to identify bullies, protect the bullied and work together to intervene and stop bullying behaviors. Employees deserve and need to be assured that their place of employment is fair and just, and is one where respect and civility exists. If employees do not feel they are valued by an organization and belong in the workplace, it is impossible for them to deliver their best.
Typical bullying tactics in the workplace
In order to combat bullying, employers need to be aware of the typical and most commonly used tactics of workplace bullying. These are rarely recognized as bullying until spelled out. The WBI surveys have found that the most common tactics employed in workplace bullying are the following
- Consciously create strategies and execute them to undermine the position, status, worth, value, and potential of the targeted employee
- Marginalize, ignore, overrule, and freeze out the targeted employee
- Set unrealistic (and sometimes undesirable) goals, timelines, and expectations;
- Distort, misrepresent, and twist anything said or done,
- Single out and ostracize;
- Increase responsibility and simultaneously reduce authority;
- Overload with work or have work taken away to trivialize existence;
- Deny leave, even when it is contractually provided for;
- Steal or plagiarize work and take credit for it;
- Deny opportunities for training that are requisite for job performance
- Coerce into leaving through no fault of the target
- Terry L. Wiedmer, "Workplace Bullying: Costly and Preventable," Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin 77, no. 2 (2011)
- Workplace Bullying Institute. (2007). Results of the WBI U.S. Workplace Survey. Retrieved from http://www.workplacebullying.org /docs/WBIsurvey2007.pdf