In a proliferation of government regulatory activity at all levels, federal, state and local, hardly a business or industry remains untouched by the need to assure compliance with the various rules and regulations. Often the economic well-being of the company will be at stake.
Because of the complexities involved in assuring compliance and the importance of this function to the economic aspects of a company, it is not surprising to find more and more legally trained persons gravitating to this area. We have already noted that compliance in some areas, such as equal employment opportunity compliance assigned to the Employee Relations function, is allocated on the basis of the involvement of the operating unit. In some companies, however, all regulatory compliance matters are supervised from a central unit.
It would be impossible to list in this brief publication all of the types of activities which may be carried on under the general designation of "regulatory compliance." However, a partial listing of the functions performed in a single company involved in the production of drugs, cosmetics and devices in meeting the requirements of the Food and Drug Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Federal Trade Commission concerned with these areas of production will give you some idea of the nature of the work.
Coordinates and supervises all the activities involved in the preparation of technical data for submission to government agencies such as the FDA, USDA and FTC.
Gathers, organizes, prepares, assembles and submits information for Investigational New Drug submissions and New Drug Applications in accordance with new drug regulations, reviewing them for completeness and accuracy.
Negotiates with the FDA with regard to product claims and coordinates contacts for the company and FDA scientific review personnel.
Serves as the company representative during plant inspections by FDA personnel.
Coordinates training sessions for manufacturing and control personnel under simulated FDA inspection conditions.
Reviews and approves labeling, advertising and specifications to assure compliance with FDA regulations.
Coordinates the preparation and submits periodic reports including literature surveys required by government agencies when marketing new drugs.
Assembles and summarizes data in response to specific trade associations or government agency requests for data.
Acts as liaison in coordinating activities between the company and government agencies by acquiring information on new guidelines, regulations and amendments.
Summarizes regulatory information to be supplied to other operating units and companies.
Obviously, working in the above outlined area would require a technical background even though legal training would provide substantial assistance in determining the requirements to be met. Not all regulatory compliance areas, however, will have this requirement although familiarity with the operational aspects of the functions being regulated would be essential to monitor compliance. Thus the individual working in traffic would need to know and understand the rates and schedules used by the company to assure that ICC regulations were being met.
Another area of activity is that of the collection, reading, commenting, analyzing, preparation of summaries of, and training others in compliance with, governmental regulations. Legal training is useful, also, and frequently employed, in the formulation of plans and procedures for compliance. They are apt better to understand regulations than laymen and to determine whether contemplated procedures will accomplish necessary results.
Lawyers Finding Jobs as Coporate Secretaries Long before legally trained persons were working in the regulatory compliance area, lawyers were involved in the corporate secretarial area. Indeed, it is not uncommon that the title "Secretary" is also held by the "General Counsel." Thus, this area was one of the first to demonstrate that non-legal positions within a corporation could benefit from the attention of legally trained minds.
Lawyers Finding Jobs in the Marketing Industry This area is the cornerstone upon which the company bases its whole existence. Without the sale of its products or services, the very reason for the existence of the company, profits, disappears.
Lawyers Finding Jobs in Employee Relations Depending upon the corporation, you may also find this activity entitled industrial relations, labor relations or personnel administration. To add to the confusion, you will find that no matter how it is designated, this area of the corporation's activities covers several distinct functions, each of which will be discussed separately. The desirability of having legally trained persons employed in these activities is evident in the substantial num ...
Lawyers Finding Jobs in the Traffic And Logistics Industry The type of activities which go under the heading "Traffic" will vary considerably depending upon the nature of the corporation. If a company's activities involve the movement of raw materials to production areas and finished products to consumers, warehouses or storage locations, then plans and procedures for their transportation must be formulated and monitored. In some cases, this involves the ownership or leasing of private carriers.
Lawyers Finding Jobs in the Security Industry If the word "security" conjures up a picture of a lonely guard at a plant gate, you are undoubtedly wondering why this category has been included in material on non-legal positions for legally trained persons. Actually, the plant guard is only one visible evidence of the vast area of responsibility of the security department, which must develop and monitor a program that will prevent the loss of company property and equipment from theft.
Lawyers Finding Jobs in the Financial Industry No corporation could long exist without a financial control center which may be known variously as the treasurer's office, comptroller's office or the accounting and finance department. In some corporations it also includes a separate and distinct internal audit department which on a day-to-day basis performs duties similar to those of an outside auditor, but in greater depth.
State and Local Funding Flexibility Act - The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same? In the July 14th press release issued by the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund (LDF) - America's premier legal organization fighting for racial justice - the organization denounced the recent approval of the ''State and Local Funding Flexibility Act'' (H.R. 2445), which was approved yesterday on a party-line vote of the House Education and Workforce Committee, as a threat that could ''reverse decades of progress in advancing civil rights a ...
Lawyers Finding Careers in the Tax Industry Considering the total activity of a corporate tax department, it is not hard to understand that there is a perennial debate as to whether this is a financial or legal function. At the entry level, much of the work is involved in the preparation of the more than 500 tax returns that must be filed to meet federal, state and local tax requirements. In addition, reports are prepared for taxes on income, sales, use, property, capital stock franchises, ...